In subtitled films, dialogue is conveyed via text, albeit in a highly restricted manner. To avoid distracting from the on-screen images, subtitles must consist of only a few characters and lines, and to ensure that the audience has enough time to read them, they need to be carefully timed and clearly worded.

Well-done subtitles should fit seamlessly into a film’s cuts, dialogue rhythms and composition. The dialogue needs to be conveyed as accurately as possible – in terms of content, speaking style and humor – which is made all the more difficult by the fact that viewers can easily compare the text to the words being spoken in the original language. As a result, the translation must to be both precise and natural.

The timing and content of the subtitles are closely tied together, and should ideally be done by the same person. This is why I use professional subtitling software (EZTitles) that can process and deliver all of the most commonly used video and subtitle data formats.

Selected projects
(sometimes co-author)

  • Dr. Dolittle
    Feature film by Stephen Gaghan, 2020 (EN-DE, FFS Subtitling Berlin)
  • The Boys
    Series by Eric Kripke, 2019 (EN-DE, FFS Subtitling Berlin)

  • Killing Eve
    Series by Phoebe Waller-Bridge, 2018-2019 (EN-DE, Studio Hamburg)
    Emmy and Golden Globe awards
  • Che cosa sono le nuvole?
    Short film by Pier Paolo Pasolini, First subtitling 2017
    (IT-DE, for WKV Stuttgart)
  • Fleabag
    Series by Phoebe Waller-Bridge, 2016 (EN-DE, FFS Subtitling Berlin)
  • L’économie du couple
    Feature by Joachim Lafosse, 2016
    Quinzaine des réalisateurs, Cannes
    (FR-DE, Subwerk Stuttgart)
  • Steve Jobs
    Feature film by Danny Boyle
    and Aaron Sorkin, 2015 (EN-DE)
    Golden Globe Best Screenplay
  • Straight Outta Compton
    Feature film by F. Gary Gray,
    2015 (EN-DE)
    Nominated for Oscar
    Best Screenplay
  • Side Effects
    Feature film by Steven Soderbergh, 2013 (EN-DE)
  • Le Rayon vert
    Feature film by Eric Rohmer,
    New subtitles 2012 (FR-DE)
    Golden Lion, Venice 1986